Asociación entre actividad física e intento de suicidio en adolescentes hispanas de los Estados Unidos de América

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47464/MetroCiencia/vol30/4/2022/44-54

Palabras clave:

actividad física, intento suicida}, adolescencia

Resumen

Introducción: Se ha demostrado que la actividad física moderada disminuye el riesgo de intento de suicidio en adolescentes varones, pero aún no se ha establecido en mujeres. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue estudiar la asociación entre la intensidad de la actividad física y el intento de suicidio en adolescentes hispanas menores de 17 años de la base de datos 2015 Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System (YRBSS). Método: Se calculó la Odds Ratio (OR) y el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% a través de la regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron para el análisis un total de 1852 sujetos. Cuatro de cada 10 estudiantes reportaron actividad física moderada y el 15% de ellos intentó suicidarse una o más veces. La actividad física moderada y el intento de suicidio no tuvieron asociación significativa (OR:1,06 IC 95%:0,69-1,62). No hubo asociación significativa entre la actividad física y el intento de suicidio, pero el intento de suicidio está significativamente asociado con la edad, el consumo de alcohol, la vida sexual activa y la edad de inicio de la relación sexual. Las Odds ratio ajustadas y no ajustadas mostraron mayor riesgo de cometer suicidio en las niñas más jóvenes, de aquellas que no consumen alcohol o no tienen relaciones sexuales antes de los 15 años (OR 0,44 (0,19-1,00), 0,47 (0,33-0,56) 0,40 (0.26-0.63) 0.58 (0.37-0.89) Conclusiones: La actividad física no se encontró asociada con intentos suicidas. La adolescencia tardía, no consumo de alcohol, no tener relaciones sexuales e iniciar relaciones sexuales en la adolescencia tardía pueden ser factores protectores contra el suicidio.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rafael Arcos, Universidad de Las Américas

Professor, Universidad de Las Américas. Master degree on Safety and Occupational Health

Martha Fors Lopez, Universidad de Las Américas

MD. Biostatistician. PhD. Universidad de Las Américas

Harold Alexander, Universidad de Las Américas

MD, Universidad de Las Américas

Marcelo Baldeón, Universidad de Las Américas

Dean of the Phisiotherapy School. Universidad de Las Américas

Ana Martínez, Universidad de Las Américas

PhD. Universidad de Las Américas

María Guevara, Universidad de Las Américas

Universidad de Las Américas

Juan Carlos Zevallos, Florida International University

Chief Division of Applied Health Sciences Research & Data Coordinator; and Associate Professor. PhD. Florida International University

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Publicado

2022-12-30

Cómo citar

Arcos, R., Fors Lopez, M., Alexander, H., Baldeón, M., Martínez, A., Guevara, M., & Zevallos, J. C. (2022). Asociación entre actividad física e intento de suicidio en adolescentes hispanas de los Estados Unidos de América. Metro Ciencia, 30(4), 44-54. https://doi.org/10.47464/MetroCiencia/vol30/4/2022/44-54

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